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Thursday, November 12, 2020 | History

1 edition of Helium resources of the United States, 1991. by J.E. Hamak and B.D. Gage found in the catalog.

Helium resources of the United States, 1991. by J.E. Hamak and B.D. Gage

Helium resources of the United States, 1991. by J.E. Hamak and B.D. Gage

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Published by Dept. of the Interior in Washington .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Helium - United States

  • Edition Notes

    11

    ContributionsGage, B.D.
    The Physical Object
    Pagination18 p.
    Number of Pages18
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL22021366M

    Chart 2 | United States: Helium Demand by Market, ( million cubic meters) Source: United States Geological Survey Cryogenics. Helium demand in the cryogenic market totaled million cubic meters in , a decline from million cubic meters in Cryogenic applications can. and sources of helium (the principal new sources of helium will be in the Middle East and Russia, and if the sell-down continues, the United States will become a net importer of helium in the next 10 to 15 years), the committee recommends that Congress reconsider whether selling off substantially all federally owned helium is.


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Helium resources of the United States, 1991. by J.E. Hamak and B.D. Gage Download PDF EPUB FB2

Hamak, John E. Helium resources of the United States, (OCoLC) Material Type: Government publication, National government publication: Document Type: Book: All Authors / Contributors: John E Hamak; B D Gage. Inthe Helium Stewardship 1991. by J.E. Hamak and B.D.

Gage book (Public Law –40; U.S. Congress, ) directed the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) to create an accounting of the geological helium resources of the United States. The initial task in this endeavor has been to collect all known analyses of subsurface helium gas within the contiguous United States and Alaska.

Subscribe to receive an email notification when a publication is added to this PublicationsMineral Commodity Summaries. In response to elevated concern about the availability of helium-3 in the United States in the s (Shea and Morgan ), the USGS was tasked with assessing helium-3 resources (U.S.

Government Printing Office ). As ofhowever, reports of severe shortages of helium-3 were not available, and these concerns may have decreased by: 6. (Washington, D.C.: National Bureau of Standards, ), by United States.

National Bureau of Standards, H. Van Dijk, and F. Brickwedde (page images at HathiTrust) Analyses of natural gases, /, by John E. Hamak and B. Gage (page images at HathiTrust). Helium content in gas is generally considered to be of commercial interest when the concentration is above % (Casey,p.

Most of the helium produced in the United States is extracted from natural gas from fields in Wyoming, Utah, Colorado, New Mexico, Kansas, Oklahoma, and Texas (Pacheco,p.

80). It was the mainstay of helium production in the United States, and to meet production requirements, a full-scale helium plant was built at Fort Worth, Texas by the U.S. Navy. However, production from the Petrolia Field was in decline by the s, and by the time the field was shut-in in the plant had processed approximately 46 million.

The United States has been the largest producer of helium sincethanks to a massive reserve found across Texas, Oklahoma and Kansas — fittingly named the Federal Helium. The BLM operates and maintains a helium storage reservoir, enrichment plant, and pipeline system near Amarillo, Texas, that supplies over 40 percent of domestic demand for helium.

The program operates under the authority of the Helium Stewardship Act of Helium Operations. The Science Of Helium And Why Global Supplies Are Running Low: Short Wave Helium is the second-most common element in the cosmos, but.

Rezultate: Prima >> Ultima: Nr. Denumire Autori An Editura ; Helium resources of the United States. The 1991. by J.E. Hamak and B.D. Gage book helium resources contained on Federal lands are approximately Bcf, including 31 Bcf in underground storage in the Cliffside Gasfield near Amarillo, Texas.

Current extraction of helium in the United States occurs mostly from natural gases produced from the Hugoton gas area in Kansas, Oklahoma, and Texas, and the Riley Ridge.

Helium is the second most abundant element in the Universe, but it's relatively rare on Earth – so much so that some have called for a ban on party balloons to ward off a worldwide shortage.

Abstract. At the beginning of the s, it became clear that change was needed in the United States helium industry. Proposed legislation to amend the Helium Act allowing Government agencies to purchase helium from private producers was recognized.

Although helium occurs in Earth’s atmosphere only to the extent of 1 part in( percent) and small amounts occur in radioactive minerals, meteoric iron, and mineral springs, great volumes of helium are found as a component (up to percent) in natural gases in the United States (especially in Texas, New Mexico, Kansas, Oklahoma.

In addition to the identified helium resources, undiscovered helium resources in the United States are estimated at a most likely volume of Bcf, with a maximum volume of Bcf and a minimum volume of 44 Bcf. Also reported are 56 Bcf of helium in nonconventional and low helium content natural gases. This report uses several criteria to determine reserves, marginal reserves, and subeconomic resources, including helium content, proximity to major gas transmission lines, and size of field.

Refinements in evaluating other occurrences of helium and undiscovered resources also have been made for this report. As of this report, there is Bcf of helium stored in Bush Dome at Cliffside Gasfield. The United States is a major exporter of helium. For many years the United States produced more than 90% of the commercial helium in the world.

In the mids, a new plant in Arzew, Algeria, began producing 17 million cubic meters ( million cubic feet), enough to supply all of Europe's demand. The helium resources base of the United States was estimated by the U.S.

Bureau of Mines to be Bcf as of January 1, These resources are divided into four categories in decreasing degree of assurance of their existence: (1) helium in storage and in proved natural gas reserves, Bcf, (2) helium in probable natural gas resources, estimated at Bcf, (3) helium in possible natur.

The Helium Privatization Act of (P.L. ) directs the Department of the Interior to begin liquidating the U.S. Federal Helium Reserve by in a manner consistent with �minimum market disruption� and at a price given by a formula specified in the act.

The classification scheme used by the natural gas industry is clearer, and all new helium resources are coming from that industry. BLM estimates nondepleting measured reserves of helium to be around 53 billion scf ( billion scm) of helium, the bulk of which lie in deposits in the Riley Ridge area (Gage.

Book: All Authors / Contributors: John E Hamak; B D Gage. Find more Bureau of Mines), Other Titles: Technical Report Archive & Image Library (TRAIL) Responsibility: by J.E. Hamak and B.D.

Gage. Reviews. User-contributed reviews Tags. Add tags for "Analyses of natural # Helium--United States\/span> \u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.

As Michael Greshko at National Geographic reports, the United States established the National Helium Reserve, managed by the Bureau of Land Management, in.

In response to the element's scarcity, the United States has been stockpiling helium since the s in a National Helium Reserve called the. Supplementary report from the U.S. Bureau of Mines regarding the results of a survey of the natural gas (helium) resources available in the United States.

From the summary: "Certain source data and results of analysis pertinent to 1, gas samples, which have been obtained from 26 States, Alaska, and Canada (only a few from the latter 2 regions) and analyzed in connection with the helium.

Gage BD, Driskill DL. Helium Resources of the United States –Technical Note United States Department of the Interior Bureau of Land Management). ; Aali J, Rahimpour-Bonab H, Kamali MR. Petrol. Sci. Technol. ; Inflated demand for helium from high-tech industries is outstrip.

The Division of Helium Resources. The Division of Helium Resources conducts surveys to discover helium supplies and determines the extent of helium resources; negotiates and administers helium fee and royalty contracts; researches, adjudicates, collects, and audits monies for helium extracted from Federal lands; analyzes natural gas samples from around the world to locate and evaluate sources.

Report published by the U.S. Bureau of Mines containing the results of a survey of the natural gas resources available in the United States. From the summary:"The Results of a Bureau of Mines survey of helium resources are given in this report and comprise gas analyses and accompanying data on more than 2, samples that have been collected in 30 States.

@article{osti_, title = {Survey of natural helium occurrences}, author = {Hinnah, D W and Hamak, J E}, abstractNote = {Sincegas samples from oil and gas wells and natural gas pipelines throughout the United States and other countries worldwide have been collected by the USBM in a continuing search for helium occurrences.

Analyses of 15, of the samples, which were collected. The U.S. Senate is considering a bill called the Helium Stewardship Act of It would extend the deadline for the sell-off of the Federal Helium Program and. Helium (from Greek: ἥλιος, romanized: Helios, lit. 'Sun') is a chemical element with the symbol He and atomic number 2.

It is a colorless, odorless, tasteless, non-toxic, inert, monatomic gas, the first in the noble gas group in the periodic table. Its boiling point is the lowest among all the is the second lightest and second most abundant element in the observable.

The USGS estimates the helium resources in the United States to be approximately billion cubic meters ( billion cubic feet), which is /0 of the estimated global resources (Hamak ). This amount includes billion cubic meters of measured reserves, billion. Download Citation | Analyses of Natural Gases, – | Technical Note contains analyses and related source data for natural gas samples from 13 States.

Of the total samples, were. Its helium program was instituted inwhen the element’s cultivation was deemed a matter of national security.

InCongress recognized that the United States no longer needed to produce and store the massive amount of helium required to deploy an emergency arsenal of blimps. That would give the United States several years to gradually sell off the gas stored at the Federal Helium Reserve in Amarillo, Texas, which provides 42% of the country’s helium and 35% of.

The team has had to identify a source rock in the Earth’s crust, a mechanism for how helium is transported to the surface and how it is trapped before it is lost into space. ‘Step-by-step the source. 1.

Groat, C. & Richardson, R. (co-chairs, Committee on understanding the impact of selling the Helium Reserve) Selling the Nation's Helium. instruments.

There is no substitute for helium in cryogenic applications where temperatures less than –o F are required (Pacheco, ).

Sales of Grade A refined helium have been increasing in recent years (Pacheco, ). Total helium sales in the United States. Cady and McFarland subsequently analyzed more than 40 other gas samples, showing that helium, previously thought to be rare on Earth but abundant in the Sun, was available in plentiful quantities from the Great Plains of the United States.

Helium-filled blimps were vital to the United States in World War II, and helium is still considered a. The new helium extraction plants in Wyoming and Colorado will increase the US supply of helium, but because almost half of the helium used and/or exported in recent years could deplete the Federal Helium Reserve in a few more years, there is a major concern for adequate future US supplies, especially, because over half of the helium is used as.

Five fields alone supply about 80% of the world’s helium. Production outages or slowdowns from one of these five fields will have a severe impact on the global helium supply, making the helium supply chain sensitive to shock.

The United States is still the major producer, but .The book reveals the changing dynamics of the helium industry on both the supply-side and the demand-side.

The helium industry has a long-term future and this important gas will have a role to play for many decades to come. Major new users of helium are expected to enter the market, especially in nuclear energy (both fission and fusion). PSThe Helium System: A Modification of the Petroleum System for Inert Gases* Bryan P.

McDowell1, Alexei V. Milkov2, and Donna S. Anderson1 Search and Discovery Article # ()** Posted J *Adapted from poster presentation given at AAPG Annual Convention and Exhibition, Houston, Texas, United States, April